Work Skills Needed In The Future

Students clearly need to be equipped with a bevy of skills in order to cope with the state of flux they now face in today’s world of work. Career guidance in its past format, when one meeting with a student counsellor was the norm, will no longer suffice. Gathering information about the myriad of jobs now available along with gaining an understanding of one’s career-related interests are very important parts of what is currently necessary. Added to these basics, students now need a great deal of confidence and motivation to explore the job market in much more discerning and self-directed ways.

They need to be able to find out, for instance, which careers are currently overloaded with personnel and try to forecast what particular work skills will be sought in the future. They may even need to be able to surmise what expertise may be needed to secure employment in occupations that are yet to be created. Such deliberate career planning, and wide-ranging information seeking, along with the personal skills necessary to carry them out, are illustrative of the ways in which Adolescent Career Education can cater for the acquisition of these new skill requirements.

I have discovered two wonderful resources that may be of particular use for students when exploring the future labour market. The first of these, Future Work Skills of 2020, comes from the University of Phoenix Research Institute. The infographic on this page provides a snapshot and the main document is available here. The second useful resource is produced annually by the Department of Employment in Australia. It includes detailed information about careers within industry sectors and breaks down employment statistics within the states and territories of Australia. It also provides predictions about the jobs of the future with comparisons of anticipated wages and projections about job growth. Click here to access this resource.


Important Work Skills In 2020




Employability Skills and Personal Qualities

Employers seek workers with specific skills and qualities. These are personal and academic aptitudes that are required regardless of the type of work taking place. Students need to focus on the development of such attributes in order to succeed in their chosen career. Hence, the fostering of personal skills and academic capacities certainly are vitally relevant to one’s career development.

 A large study funded by the Department of Education, Science and Training and conducted by the Australian Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Business Council of Australia was undertaken back in 2002. This study culminated in a report identifying key non-technical employability skills important not only to gaining employment but also to effective employee performance. This framework is undergoing further research and development and has been renamed as Core Skills for Employment (see for more details).

The personal attributes that were found to contribute to overall employability are:

  • loyalty, commitment, honesty and integrity, enthusiasm, reliability, personal presentation, common sense, positive self esteem, a sense of humour, a balanced attitude to work and home life, an ability to deal with pressure, motivation and adaptability. I think you’ll agree these are all developmental characteristics that are strongly promoted at our school.

The key skills identified are:

  • Communication (including listening, empathizing, speaking clearly and directly, persuading effectively, being assertive, writing to the needs of the audience etc.)
  • Team work (working across different ages and irrespective of gender, race, religion, working as an individual and as a member of a term etc.)
  • Problem solving (developing creative, innovative and practical solutions, solving problems in teams, using mathematics to solve problems etc.)
  • Initiative and enterprise (adapting to new situations, being creative, translating ideas into action, identifying opportunities not obvious to others etc.)
  • Planning and organising (managing time and priorities, being resourceful, taking initivative and making decisions, collecting, analyzing and organizing information etc.)
  • Self-management (having a personal vision and goals, evaluating and monitoring own performance, articulating own ideas and visions, taking responsibility etc.)
  • Learning (managing own learning, using a range of mediums to learn, having enthusiasm for ongoing learning, being open to new ideas and techniques etc.)
  • Technology (having a range of basic IT skills, using IT to organise data, being willing to learn new IT skills etc.).

Tips for Senior High School Parents

The final years of school for young people are obviously very important. These are the years that will put the icing on their education and bring an end to their formative years. This is the pointy end of their long journey through primary and high school. It is a time when, more than ever before, their academic learning and personal development will have direct career relevance. The reality is that the more effort they put in to these years, the more variety of post-secondary options will be open to them and consequently, a greater array of satisfying careers will ultimately be available to them.

Unfortunately, these senior years also coincide with the complex and confounding realities of probably the most difficult developmental stage of any human being … adolescence. For most young people this means the central focus of their world is peers, parties and pleasure. Lessons, learning and long term planning tend to be placed far down their list of priorities at this time. Parents, this is normal although regrettable given the importance of these school years and the timing of your son’s or daughter’s burgeoning (and developmentally appropriate) need for fun and freedom.

Fortunately, there are many subtle ways in which parents can bring some balance to this situation. I emphasize ‘subtle’ though because adolescents are innately opposed to parents using rigid authoritarian methods of behaviour management. They are no longer a child and they are very much aware of this fact, both physically, emotionally and intellectually. They are engaged in a gradual process of self-discovery. Parents become real human beings that they take a long hard look at. You are not the unquestioned big person in their world any more. Adolescents naturally sway toward the opinions of others and experiment with the world outside the confines of family during these years. Again, this is normal if a little disturbing to parents who say, what happened to my little girl/boy? Even though it seems your child has changed almost overnight, it is important that you respond to these changes with understanding and patience. You will need to really hold onto your temper at times and not allow your anxiousness to overflow at others. During these years you will need your best adult self to cope with the various predicaments your adolescent will generate for you. You will require great tact, forbearance and sensitivity.

So what can you do in order to close the gap between your desire for a diligent, hard-working senior student and your child’s desire to avoid any activity they deem boring or of little immediate relevance? I believe the answer is in career education. There is a very strong link between academic development and career development. The more you can gently coax an interest in exploring possible future careers and the various pathways to these careers, the more willing the young person is likely to put in the effort they need to get there. I list below a few suggestions for you to try in measured ways when you notice little windows of opportunity with your teenager.

1)     Stop asking about homework or assignment work or study – I put this first because it’s probably the hardest thing for you to do but it has the potential to reap the most benefits. The top advantage being that if you stop being the driving force behind whether school work is done or not your child will ultimately be forced to take responsibility for that themselves! Another big advantage is that you won’t be so stressed and your relationship with your child will improve. (I have suggested this as an experiment for many parents to try in the past. They were directed to talk with their adolescent about food, hobbies, the weather, favourite music, current affairs … anything at all other than anything to do with school work for a whole month. In every case the parent has returned saying, firstly, “That was so hard!” And secondly, “I didn’t realize how much of my conversation with my son/daughter was taken up by my nagging about their school work!” And thirdly, “It worked! I can’t believe it! They are really pulling up their grades and keeping up with everything now without me getting stressed and constantly nagging and checking!”)

2)    Weave into conversations with your adolescent anecdotes about employability skills. For instance, poor service at a retail outlet due to a worker’s lack of good communication skills is a good opportunity to point out the great ‘people skills’ that you see in your teenager.

3)    Draw parallels between the talents/abilities that your son/daughter displays and various careers that this talent or aptitude would be well suited to. For example, if they are the person to whom friends turn to when they need to talk to someone, let your teenager know that this could be an indicator for their suitability for various careers in the helping professions.

4)    Foster an enjoyment in learning by showing how much you enjoy learning yourself. For instance, take a TAFE course in photography and show how this learning has improved your skills and enhanced your enthusiasm for that hobby.

5)    Conversely, if you don’t enjoy the latest course your boss has deemed necessary for you to engage in, point out the advantages of doing it despite your lack of passion for it. For example, it may have led to a pay rise or the satisfying completion of professional development points.

6)    Model careful decision-making processes. When you need to buy an expensive household item, for example a new washing machine, be explicit about your steps leading up to the purchase so your teenager learns how to make informed and well thought out decisions.

7)    Familiarize yourself with the best online career information sites and do some research on them pertaining to your own career interests (e.g., or Once your child sees you exploring the world of work they will be more likely to take an interest in doing career interest quizzes and the like too. For a comprehensive list of useful career information sites, go to our ‘Useful Links‘ page.

8)    Encourage accurate information gathering about a variety of careers. For example, if your child is considering a few occupations, help them to find specific information about each to make accurate comparisons with regard to wages, conditions, required qualifications and so forth.

9)    Be open about your wages and how they are spent. Point out the wages offered to workers in a variety of jobs and compare the qualifications of different wage earners.

10) Attend career expos or university open days or go along to information sessions provided by private training organisations.

11)  Encourage family and friends to talk about their careers. This will expose your child to realistic discussions concerning the advantages and disadvantages of various types of work and will give them real world examples of how careers change and develop over the course of people’s lives.

© Lee-Ann Prideaux PhD